1. ^ For more information and accompanying source notes about the landing at Lower Closter Landing see the Alpine page of this website.
For a detailed description of the events connected with Fort Lee and the retreat, see the Fort Lee page.
2. ^ William Winfield Scott, History of Passaic and its Environs, Volume II (New York Lewis: Historical Publishing Company Inc 1922) Page 744-748
Available to be read at Google Books here.
▸ See the Post Ford entry on the Garfield page of this website for more information and accompanying source notes.
3. ^ George Washington letters from December 2 - December 8, 1776, reprinted in:
George Washington; Edited by Jared Sparks, The Writings of George Washington Volume 4 (Boston: Russel, Odiorne and Metcalf; and Hilliard, Gray, and Co., 1834) pages 200 - 206 Available to be read at Google Books here
• In his letter to the President of Congress marked "Head-Quarters, Trenton, 3 December, 1776," Washington wrote, "I arrived here myself yesterday morning, with the main body of the army..."
• In his letter to the President of Congress marked "Mr. Berkeley's Summer-Seat, 8 December, 1776," Washington wrote, "The retreat was accordingly made, and since to this [Pennsylvania] side of the river."
▸ "Mr. Berkeley's Summer-Seat" refers to the home of Thomas Barclay in Morrisville, PA, which Washington used as his headquarters from December 8-14, 1776. The house still stands and is open to the public for tours. For more information, see the Historic Summerseat website.
• See also:
David Hackett Fischer, Washington's Crossing (New York: Oxford University Press, 2004) Page 132
4. ^ October 20, 2007 date a plaque in Liberty Crossing Park
• A gallery of photos from the 2007 dedication ceremony can be seen on the Borough of Wallington NJ website here.
5. ^ Continental Congress, Saturday, March 28, 1778:
Roscoe R. Hill, Editor, Journals of the Continental Congress, 1774-1789, Volume X. January 1 - May 1, 1778 (Washington D.C. : Government Printing Office, 1908) page 290
Available to be read at the Internet Archive here
6. ^ Sculptor credit and dedication date information from bottom plaque on the front of the monument.
For more about the sculptor, see the following articles:
• Irving Dejohn and Jonathan Lemire, "Polish-born Brooklyn Sculptor Karol Washes up on Nearby Neach After Working on Boat in Storm," New York Daily News, July 28, 2009
• "A Retrospective Exhibition of Mieczyslaw "Karol" Partyka (1958-2009)," Consulate General of the Republic of Poland in New York; June 10, 2010
7. ^ Congressional Record: Senate: Vol. 155, Part 5 (Washington D.C. : Government Printing Office, 2009) pages 6153 - 6154
Available to be read at Google Books here
8. ^ The other five people granted Honorary United States Citizenship are: Winston Churchill, Raoul Wallenberg, William and Hannah Callowhill Penn, and Mother Theresa. Only Churchill and Mother Theresa received the Honorary Citizenship while they were alive. All others received it posthumously.
See the document:
U.S. Department of State Foreign Affairs Manual Volume 7 – Consular Affairs / HONORARY CITIZENSHIP, which is available to be read on the U.S. State Department website here
▸ Note that Pulaski and de Gálvez are not listed in this document, because it was published in 2008, before either had been granted the honor.
• Pulaski was granted Honorary Citizenship in 2009 (See Source Note 7)
• Bernardo de Gálvez was granted Honorary Citizenship in 2014 (See H.J.Res.105 - Conferring honorary citizenship of the United States on Bernardo de Gálvez at the Library of Congress website here)