Oakland, New Jersey Revolutionary War Sites
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REVOLUTIONARY WAR SITES IN OAKLAND, NEW JERSEY

Revolutionary War Sites in Oakland NJ
HENDRICK VAN ALLEN HOUSE
Hendrick Van Allen House Hendrick Van Allen House - Oakland NJ
Oakland, New Jersey General George Washington's Headquarters
Washington's Headquarters Oakland NJ
Oakland, New Jersey
Hendrick Van Allen House
Ramapo Valley Rd. (Rt. 202) and Franklin Ave.
Map / Directions to the Hendrick Van Allen House
Map / Directions to all Oakland Revolutionary War Sites
The Hendrick Van Allen House is operated by the Oakland Historical Society.
For information about the house, tours and events, see their website: www.oaklandhistoricalsociety.org

In July 1777, General George Washington and his troops traveled from Morristown through New Jersey towards an area known as the Clove in New York State. (Now called Suffern). On July 14th they arrived in this area, and Washington used the Hendrick Van Allen House (built in 1748) as his headquarters. [1] While at the Van Allen House, General Washington wrote a letter to the Congress, in which he described the difficult conditions of the army's march: [2]

"I arrived here this afternoon with the Army after a very fatiguing March, owing to the Roads which have become extremely deep + miry from the late Rains. — I intend to proceed in the Morning towards the North River, if the Weather permits; At present it is cloudy and heavy and there is an Appearance of more Rain."

As it turned out, the conditions must have improved. The following day, Washington's troops left here and marched north on Ramapo Valley Road. They arrived the same day at their destination nine miles away in the Clove. Washington made his headquarters there until July 20 at Suffern's Tavern. The site of Suffern's Tavern, which is just half a mile over the New Jersey border, is marked by a boulder monument at the intersection of Washington and Lafayette Avenues in present day Suffern, New York. [3]

For a period of time during the Revolutionary War, Hendrick Van Allen's house served another important function. It was used as the Bergen County Court House in 1778 - 1779 [4]

Revolutionary War Sites in Oakland NJ
CONTINENTAL SOLDIERS MEMORIAL HIGHWAY SIGNS
Ramapo Valley Road

Continental Soldiers Memorial Highway

Continental Soldiers Memorial Highway Signs
Ramapo Valley Rd.
Map / Directions to Ramapo Valley Road

Map / Directions to all Oakland Revolutionary War Sites

Signs along Ramapo Valley Road in Oakland commemorate it as "Continental Soldiers Memorial Highway" in honor of its use by American troops during the Revolutionary War, including the journey to New York described in the Hendrick Van Allen House entry above.

There are similar signs along Ramapo Valley Road in neighboring Mahwah.

Oakland New Jersey in the Revolutionary War

Oakland New Jersey in the Revolutionary War

Revolutionary War Sites in Oakland NJ
JACOBUS S. DEMAREST HOUSE
Jacobus S. Demarest House
Jacobus S. Demarest House
Jacobus S. Demarest House
Ramapo Valley Rd. (Rt. 202) and Dogwood Dr.
Map / Directions to the Jacobus S. Demarest House

Map / Directions to all Oakland Revolutionary War Sites

This house is a private residence.
Please respect the privacy and property of the owners.

This house was built circa 1789 by Revolutionary War veteran Jacobus S. Demarest.. [5]

Oakland New Jersey - Revolutionary War Sites

Source Notes:

1. ^ 1748 date from the website of the Oakland Historical Society.

2. ^ George Washington to Continental Congress, July 14, 1777, Marked "Vanaulens [Van Allen's], 8 Miles from Pumpton Plains, July 14, 1777"
▸ A scan of the original letter can be viewed at the Library of Congress website here.

Another document exists from Washington's stay at the Hendrick Van Allen House - his General Orders for July 14, 1777, which are marked "Head Quarters, at Van Aulen's, July 14, 1777."
▸ A scan of the original document can be viewed at the Library of Congress website here

3. ^ Washington's letters from July 15 - 20, 1777 are marked as some variation of "Clove" or "Head-Quarters, at the Clove".
Beginning on July 21, his letters are marked "Eleven Miles in the Clove" and in a July 21 letter to Major General Putnam, he mentions having moved from the original location the day before.
▸ Some letters from this period are reprinted in:
George Washington; Edited by Jared Sparks, The Writings of George Washington Volume 4 (Boston: Russel, Odiorne and Metcalf; and Hilliard, Gray, and Co., 1834) p. 493 - 505        Available to be read at Google Books here

A boulder plaque at the intersection of Washington and Lafayette Avenues in Suffern, New York reads:
Site of Suffern's Tavern
A noted Hostelry of the Revolution
Headquarters of General George Washington
July 15th to 20th, 1777

The plaque was erected by the Rockland County Society on October 4, 1924.

4. ^ For more about the use of Hendrick Allen's house as the courthouse, and the Revolutionary War events that factored into it, see:
Kevin Heffernan, A History of Oakland: The Story of Our Village (Charleston: The History Press, 2007 ) page 37-38
Available to be read at Google Books here

5. ^ Bergen County Historical Society sign

Oakland NJ historic sites

Website Researched, Written, Photographed and Designed by Al Frazza
This website, its text and photographs are © 2009 -2017 Al Frazza. All rights reserved.