Garfield, New Jersey Revolutionary War Sites
HOME                 TIMELINE                 ABOUT                 CONTACT
This website, its text and photographs are © 2009 - 2017 Al Frazza. All rights reserved.

Atlantic County     Bergen County     Burlington County     Camden County     Cape May County     Cumberland County     Essex County
Gloucester County     Hudson County     Hunterdon County     Mercer County     Middlesex County     Monmouth County     Morris County
Ocean County     Passaic County     Salem County     Somerset County     Sussex County     Union County     Warren County

REVOLUTIONARY WAR SITES IN GARFIELD, NEW JERSEY

Post Ford - Garfied NJ
POST FORD MONUMENT
Post Ford Monument
Garfield New Jersey

Post Ford Monument
River Rd. and Columbus Ave.
Map / Directions to the Post Ford Monument

Map / Directions to all Garfield Revolutionary War Sites

The Post Ford monument marks the site where British and Hessian soldiers crossed the Passaic River from Garfield on November 26, 1776, in pursuit of Washington’s army. On November 21, after Washington's retreating army had crossed the Acquackanonk Bridge over the Passaic River, the bridge was destroyed. After the pursuing British arrived and found that the bridge had been destroyed, they located a spot at Adrian Post’s farm and grist mill where the river could be forded.  (A ford is the term for a shallow spot in a river where it can be crossed on foot or horseback.) However, the river was running high due to several days of steady rain, so they decided to wait several days for the water level to go down before finally crossing on November 27. The local farmers, who had been robbed of possessions by the British soldiers, were happy to see them go. It is believed that all of the local farmers supported the American cause, with the exception of one Tory. [1]

The monument, which stands nine feet high, was the brainchild of Francis L. Fuscaldo, the principal of Public School No. 4. In 1935, Fuscaldo led a drive to create the monument. Children of the school raised money for construction materials by collecting pennies, and volunteers gathered stones for the monument from the riverbank. [2]

Revolutionary War in Garfield, NJ
GEORGE WASHINGTON 1776 MARKER
Garfield NJ in the Revolutionary War
Garfield New Jersey Historic Sites

George Washington 1776 Marker
33 Outwater Ln.
Map / Directions to the George Washington 1776 Marker

Map / Directions to all Garfield Revolutionary War Sites

A plaque on the YMCA building commemorates Washington's November 1776 retreat route, which passed close by Garfield. [3] 

Revolutionary War in Garfield, NJ
GENERAL CASIMIR PULASKI MONUMENT
Garfield NJ - General Pulaski Statue
Garfield NJ - General Pulaski Statue

General Casimir Pulaski Monument
Riverfront Park
River Dr. near Semel Ave.
Map / Directions to the Casimir Pulaski Monument

Map / Directions to all Garfield Revolutionary War Sites

General Casimir Pulaski was born on March 6, 1745 in Warsaw, Poland. In 1777, he came to America to fight on the American side in the Revolutionary War. He commanded a group of cavalry which was formed in 1778 [4] known as Pulaski's Legion, and he is remembered as the "Father of American Cavalry." He died on October 11, 1779, from wounds suffered at the Battle of Savannah, Georgia.

The statue was sculpted by Brian Hanlon, from Toms River New Jersey. [5] It was unveiled during the opening ceremonies for Garfield's Riverfront Park in 2014. [6] To see more of Brian Hanlon's work, visit his website: www.hanlonsculpture.com

There are three other monuments honoring General Pulaski in New Jersey: one in Paterson, one in Pennsauken, and one in Wallington. In addition to these, there is a sidewalk plaque in North Arlington honoring Pulaski, and the Pulaski Skyway is named for him.

In 2009, Pulaski was made an Honorary Citizen of the United States [7]. Honorary Citizenship has rarely been granted; only eight people in the entire history of the United States have received it. Two of the others who have received Honorary Citizenship were also European officers who fought for the American side in the Revolutionary War: Marquis Lafayette of France, and Bernardo de Gálvez of Spain. [8]

Revolutionary War in Garfield, NJ

Source Notes:

1. ^ William Winfield Scott, History of Passaic and its Environs, Volume II (New York Lewis: Historical Publishing Company Inc 1922) p. 744-748       Available to be read at Google Books here.
For those looking for more information on the events surrounding the British crossing at Post Ford, Scott gives a detailed account. He does not list any primary source documents that he used, but he does mention, "Halmagh M. Post, an aged man who was born and always lived in the city of Passaic, related to the writer [Scott, referring to himself] thirty years ago, the following traditions relating to Dr. Garrison. He stated that he remembered his wife's grandmother relate the incidents that occurred under her own observation. She was a Garrison and resided on the Wesel road in what is now Clifton. She remembered the time when the British crossed the Passaic river at the fording place below the present Dundee dam. She was at the home of Dr. Garrison when the British came. His office was a small extension at the road end of his dwelling."

2. ^ Howard D. Lanza Garfield (from the Images of America series) (Charleston SC; Arcadia Publishing 2002) p.66
It is interesting to note that it appears the monument was supposed to be called Post's Ford Monument, not Post Ford. 
You can view the page in Lanza's book about the monument in Google Books here, and see that he reprints a sketch that was made by Francis L. Fuscaldo and sent to John Poltorak, who helped design the monument. In two places on the sketch, it is referred to as "Post's Ford." This would have made it clear that it referred to a ford that was on the land owned by Post, and would have made more sense as the name.

My guess is that the name being printed on the sign as "Post Ford" (without the apostrophe and the s) was actually a mistake, and then that name stuck, rather than re-doing the sign with the originally intended name.

When considering this theory, it is worth noting that the sign does contain one definite mistake: the word 'frequently' is misspelled.

The bottom right corner of the plaque contains the credit that is was created by a company called Supreme Welding.

3. ^ The tablet states that it was "placed by the school children of Garfield under the auspices of the Garfield Board of Trade 1928."

4. ^  Continental Congress, Saturday, March 28, 1778:
Roscoe R. Hill, Editor, Journals of the Continental Congress, 1774-1789, Volume X. January 1 - May 1, 1778 (Washington D.C. : Government Printing Office, 1908) page 290
Available to be read at the Internet Archive here

5. ^ Sculptor credit from the signature on the statue.
The About page of Brian Hanlon's website states that he is from Toms River, NJ.

6. ^ The following two June 2014 articles are about the opening of the park where the statue was unveiled:

• Matthew McGrath, "Riverfront Park officially opens in Garfield on Saturday," The Record, June 20, 2014

• John Czop, "A City of Garfield Unveils Statue," Post Eagle, July 22, 2014

7. ^  Congressional Record: Senate: Vol. 155, Part 5 (Washington D.C. : Government Printing Office, 2009) pages 6153 - 6154
Available to be read at Google Books here

8. ^  The other five people granted Honorary United States Citizenship are: Winston Churchill, Raoul Wallenberg, William and Hannah Callowhill Penn, and Mother Theresa. Only Churchill and Mother Theresa received the Honorary Citizenship while they were alive. All others received it posthumously.
See the document:
U.S. Department of State Foreign Affairs Manual Volume 7 – Consular Affairs / HONORARY CITIZENSHIP, which is available to be read on the U.S. State Department website here
 ▸ Note that Pulaski and de Gálvez are not listed in this document, because it was published in 2008, before either had been granted the honor.
  • Pulaski was granted Honorary Citizenship in 2009 (See Source Note 7)
  • Bernardo de Gálvez was granted Honorary Citizenship in 2014 (See H.J.Res.105 - Conferring honorary citizenship of the United States on Bernardo de Gálvez at the Library of Congress website here)

Garfield, NJ Historic Sites

Website Researched, Written, Photographed and Designed by Al Frazza
This website, its text and photographs are © 2009 -2017 Al Frazza. All rights reserved.